They are called MOOC-Massive Open Online Courses. They are distance learning courses offered by many academic institutionsm, which are opening their cultural and teaching archive to everybody.
A new open knowledge model on which the EU project EMMA is focusing its attention. EMMA stands for European Multiple MOOC Aggregator; it is a CIP co-funded project and starts its activities with the kick off meeting on February 24 -25, 2014, hosted by the project leader University of Naples.
See details about EMMA.